In order to fully understand the operation of a hydraulic press brake, you need to know how it works. Since hydraulic press brakes are made up of a number of components, keeping track of them all can be difficult. So, here is a basic list of some of the most prominent components.
1. Hydraulic fluid – Hydraulic fluid is transmitted through various parts of the machine. High pressure is exerted on hydraulic fluid by the hydraulic pump, thus creating highly energized fluid. This fluid then travels to the cylinders (actuators) where it delivers its stock of large amounts of energy to the piston, which operates the bending tools. After delivering the energy, the de-energized hydraulic fluid travels back to the pump to regain its energy and continue the operation of the machine. The hydraulic fluid is usually petroleum oil with various additives.
Apart from transferring the energy, the hydraulic fluid also lubricates the various components of the hydraulic press brake and removes the contaminants and metal fittings. The hydraulic fluid should be capable of operating at high temperatures, including a few hundred degrees Celsius, as it gets heated when it receives the energy in the hydraulic pump.
2. Hydraulic pump – The hydraulic pump actually produces the power that energizes the hydraulic fluid and transmits it through the machine to carry out the pressing operations. If a pump has the rating of say 5,000 psi, it can maintain the flow of liquid against the loads of 5,000 psi or it can apply that much pressure. The power density of hydraulic motors is ten times that of electric motors by volume. The hydraulic pump is operated by an electric motor or an engine connected by gears, belts, or flexible couplings. It can be a gear pump, vane pump, axial piston pump, or radial piston pump. The hydraulic pump is the “generator” side of the whole hydraulic press brake system.
Hydraulic system is a difficult problem, because any industry can use hydraulic or hydraulic system. Enterprises and employees may not be aware of which applications use these components. However, unless you use these components every day, it’s easy to ignore them and their uses.
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